Candid inquirers are becoming increasingly convinced that the true Renaissance occurred around the twelfth rather than the fifteenth century, that medieval Latin and scholasticism possessed great merits

We have too long been dependent for our knowledge of the middle ages upon collections made in the theological or ecclesiastical interest

The old slurs and disparaging generalizations at the expense of the middle ages are now repeated only by mechanical creatures of habit

Academic freedom began to disappear in the fourteenth century when … the ius ubique docendi yielded to dependence on charter from pope, king, or bishop

if some of our own scientific tenets come in their turn to be abandoned, we shall be found to have doubly erred in our presentation of medieval error

The humanists themselves continued to indulge in debates and disputations, only they argued whether Hannibal or Scipio was the greater man

the scientific knowledge of the average humanist seldom rose above the level of the second-rate bestiaries and lapidaries of the preceding period

History seemed a seamless robe instead of a worn garment full of holes and patches

Was not humanism in part an easier way for princes and their sons who found the existing university requirements too harsh

Lynn Thorndike