The so­lu­tion is to cre­ate an in­cen­tive for schools to pro­tect open in­quiry – the fear of law­suits. First, uni­ver­si­ties should add a “safe har­bor” pro­vi­sion to their speech poli­cies stat­ing: “The uni­ver­sity will sum­mar­ily dis­miss any al­le­ga­tion that an in­di­vid­ual or group has vi­o­lated a uni­ver­sity pol­icy if the al­le­ga­tion is based solely on the in­di­vid­ual’s or group’s ex­pres­sion of re­li­gious, philo­soph­i­cal, lit­er­ary, artis­tic, po­lit­i­cal, or sci­en­tific view­points.” This lan­guage would be con­trac­tu­ally bind­ing